Strategy & Tactics from MNS/
Movement for a New Society

“Nonviolent direct action is a set of tactics that go outside conventional means of advocacy…
Community organizers sometimes call it ‘street heat’ — blocking entrances, boycotting, fasting, tree-sitting… “

Thus GEORGE LAKEY, MNS co-founder, strategist and trainer, begins his 2019 manual,How We Win: A Guide to Nonviolent Direct Action Campaigning.” And none are more qualified to interpret and promote MNS’s approach to “Analysis, Vision and Strategy,” having lived, learned and developed it throughout his six full decades as a leader in many movements and campaigns from Civil Rights and Vietnam to the Movement for Black Lives. See his many articles and essays at

See Lakey’s timely video summary, Polarization & “How We Win”
(30-min.) and the trailer for his new bio doc at

In “How We Win,” Lakey argues for the need to “build an [intersectional]
movement of movements” based on a “practical and radical vision” that:

  1. Builds credibility
  2. Confirms the perception that all progressive causes are blocked by the economic elite
  3. Connects the desired future with innovations happening now, and
  4. Provides a common platform on which multiple movements can unite.


BILL MOYER (1933-2002), MNS’s other most influential strategist and co-founder, is best known for his “Movement Action Plan” (MAP) conceptual framework. Its comprehensive descriptions of his “Eight Stages of Social Movements” and “Four Roles of Activists” are detailed in his seminal organizing manual, “Doing Democracy: The MAP Model for Organizing Social Movements“, all explained at

Other prominent MNS authors, theorists and strategists include: David AlbertMichael Beer (, Steve Chase (Solidarity 2020 and Beyond), Chuck Collins (, George Lakey, Robert A. Irwin ( Building a Peace System ; digital searchable), Barbara JensenJerry Koch-Gonzalez, Pamela Haines, Betsy Leondar-Wright, Stephen Zunes. Other prolific MNS writers now deceased include: Lynne Shivers, Lillian and George Willoughby, and Felice Yeskel.

See MNS Authors & Books for more about Movement for a New Society: Training, vision, strategy more. Find MNS archives in Swarthmore Library Peace Collection.